The Olive Oil
The word "azeite", meaning olive oil in Portuguese comes from the Arabs which left a significant legacy in Portugal. The Arabs created the word "Al-zait" which means "olive juice". A great expansion on farming olive trees took place all over the Portugal during the XV to the XVI centuries. This region was known for its large production of olive oil. Currently the characteristics of the olives in Portugal vary a lot between regions, mainly due to weather conditions and the growing of different olive varieties. The Mediterranean region is responsible for 95% of olive oil world production, taking advantage of its atmospheric conditions with a lot of sunlight and dry climate, suitable to cultivate olive trees. The "galega" olive variety is predominantly found in the Ribatejo region, which harvested when ripe produces an excellent quality olive oil.